GeographyLandforms

List of Landforms A to Z on Earth

Landforms List a to z on Earth: Earth is a dynamic planet that is constantly changing due to geological processes. One of the ways we categorize these changes is by identifying the various types of landforms that exist on Earth.

These landforms are the result of natural forces like erosion, volcanism, tectonic activity, and weathering. In this article, we will explore the Landforms That Start With A To Z on Earth and some of the major landforms found on Earth.

List of Landforms

Coastal and oceanic landforms include:

  • Abyssal fan
  • Abyssal plain
  • Archipelago
  • Atoll
  • Arch
  • Ayre
  • Barrier bar
  • Barrier island
  • Bay
  • Baymouth bar
  • Beach
  • Raised beach
  • Beach cusps
  • Beach ridge
  • Bight
  • Blowhole
  • Channel
  • Cape
  • Calanque
  • Cliff
  • Coast
  • Continental shelf 
  • Coral reef
  • Cove
  • Cuspate foreland 
  • Dune system 
  • Estuary
  • Firth 
  • Fjard 
  • Fjord
  • Geo
  • Gulf
  • Headland 
  • Inlet 
  • Island 
  • Islet
  • Isthmus
  • Lagoon
  • Machair
  • Marine terrace
  • Mid-ocean ridge
  • Oceanic basin
  • Oceanic plateau
  • Oceanic ridge 
  • Oceanic trench
  • Peninsula 
  • Ria
  • River delta
  • Salt marsh 
  • Sea cave
  • Seamount
  • Seamount chains
  • Shoal
  • Shore
  • Sound 
  • Spit 
  • Strait 
  • Strandflat
  • Stack 
  • Submarine canyon
  • Surge channel
  • Tessellated pavement
  • Tidal marsh
  • Tide pool
  • Tombolo
  • Volcanic arc
  • Wave-cut platform
  • Blockfield
  • Cryoplanation terrace
  • Earth hummocks
  • Kurum 
  • Lithalsa
  • Nivation hollow 
  • Palsa
  • Permafrost plateau
  • Pingo
  • Rock glacier
  • Solifluction lobes and sheets
  • Thermokarst 
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Erosion landforms

Landforms produced by erosion and weathering usually occur in coastal or fluvial environments, and many also appear under those headings.

  • Arête
  • Badlands 
  • Bornhardt 
  • Butte
  • Canyon
  • Cave 
  • Cirque 
  • Cliff
  • Cryoplanation terrace 
  • Cuesta
  • Dissected plateau 
  • Erg
  • Exhumed river channel 
  • Fjord
  • Flatiron
  • Gulch 
  • Gully 
  • Hogback 
  • Hoodoo 
  • Homoclinal ridge
  • Inselberg, also known as Monadnock
  • Inverted relief
  • Lavaka 
  • Limestone pavement
  • Mesa 
  • Mushroom rock 
  • Natural arch 
  • Paleoplain
  • Pediment 
  • Pediplain
  • Peneplain 
  • Planation surface
  • Potrero
  • Ridge
  • Rôche moutonnée

List of rock formations

  • Strike ridge
  • Structural bench
  • Structural terrace
  • Tepui 
  • Tessellated pavement 
  • Truncated spur 
  • Tor 
  • Valley 
  • Wave-cut platform 
  • Wind gap 

Fluvial landforms

Fluvial – Processes associated with rivers and streams landforms include:

  • Ait
  • Alluvial fan
  • Anabranch 
  • Arroyo
  • Asymmetric valley
  • Backswamp
  • Bar
  • Bayou
  • Bench
  • Braided channel
  • Canyon
  • Cave
  • Cliff
  • Cut bank
  • Crevasse splay
  • Confluence 
  • Drainage basin
  • Drainage divide
  • Endorheic basin
  • Entrenched meander
  • Epigenetic valley
  • Esker
  • Exhumed river channel
  • Floodplain 
  • Fluvial island 
  • Fluvial terrace 
  • Gorge 
  • Gully 
  • Levee 
  • Marsh
  • Meander 
  • Misfit stream 
  • Narrows
  • Oxbow lake 
  • Point bar
  • Plunge pool 
  • Rapid
  • Riffle 
  • River
  • River delta
  • River island
  • Rock-cut basin
  • Shut-in
  • Thalweg
  • Towhead
  • Shoal
  • Spring
  • Strath
  • Stream
  • Stream pool
  • Swamp
  • Valley
  • Vale
  • Wadi 
  • Waterfall
  • Watershed 
  • Yazoo stream
  • V-shaped valley 

Impact landforms

Landforms created by extraterrestrial impacts—the collision of two astronomical objects with measurable effects—include:

  • Central peak
  • Complex crater
  • Cratered landscape
  • Ejecta blanket
  • Impact crater 
  • Impact crater lake
  • Simple crater 

Lacustrine landforms

Lacustrine – associated with lakes – landforms include:

  • Beach 
  • Carolina bay 
  • Dry lake 
  • Endorheic basin
  • Lacustrine plain
  • Lacustrine terraces
  • Lake
  • Oasis
  • Oxbow lake
  • Parallel Roads of Glen Roy 
  • Pond 
  • Proglacial lake
  • Salt pan, also known as salt flat 

Free Printable Landforms Vocabulary Worksheet (Printable PDF for Free)

Mountain and glacial landforms

Mountain and glacial landforms—landforms created by the action of glaciers—include:

  • Arête
  • Cirque
  • Col 
  • Crevasse
  • Corrie 
  • Cove (mountain) 
  • Dirt cone
  • Drumlin 
  • Esker 
  • Fjord 
  • Fluvial terrace
  • Flyggberg 
  • Glacier
  • Glacier cave
  • Glacier foreland 
  • Hanging valley
  • Highland
  • Hill 
  • Inselberg, also known as monadnock
  • Kame
  • Kame delta
  • Kettle
  • Moraine
  • Rogen moraine, also known as Ribbed moraines
  • Moulin
  • Mountain
  • Mountain pass 
  • Mountain range 
  • Nunatak 
  • Proglacial lake 
  • Pyramidal peak, also known as Glacial horn 
  • Outwash fan
  • Outwash plain 
  • Rift valley
  • Rôche moutonnée 
  • Sandur
  • Side valley
  • Summit 
  • Trim line 
  • Truncated spur
  • Tunnel valley 
  • Valley
  • U-shaped valley 

Slope landforms

Slope landforms include:

  • Bluff
  • Butte
  • Canyon
  • Cliff 
  • Col
  • Cuesta 
  • Dale
  • Defile
  • Dell
  • Doab, also known as Interfluve
  • Draw
  • Escarpment, also known as scarp 
  • Flat (landform)
  • Glen
  • Gully 
  • Hill
  • Mesa 
  • Mountain pass 
  • Plain 
  • Plateau 
  • Ravine
  • Ridge
  • Rock shelter
  • Saddle
  • Scree 
  • Solifluction lobes and sheets
  • Strath 
  • Summit
  • Terrace
  • Terracette
  • Vale
  • Valley 
  • Valley shoulder

Tectonic landforms

Landforms created by tectonic activity include:

  • Asymmetric valley
  • Dome 
  • Faceted spur 
  • Fault scarp
  • Graben 
  • Horst 
  • Mid-ocean ridge 
  • Mud volcano
  • Oceanic trench
  • Pull-apart basin
  • Rift valley
  • Sand boil 

Volcanic landforms

Volcanic landforms include:

  • Caldera
  • Cinder cone
  • Complex volcano
  • Cryptodome
  • Cryovolcano
  • Diatreme 
  • Dike 
  • Fissure vent 
  • Geyser
  • Guyot 
  • Kīpuka
  • Lava 
  • Lava dome
  • Lava coulee 
  • Lava field, also known as lava plain 
  • Lava lake 
  • Lava spine
  • Lava tube
  • Maar 
  • Malpais 
  • Mamelon
  • Mid-ocean ridge
  • Pit crater 
  • Pyroclastic shield 
  • Resurgent dome
  • Rootless cone, also known as pseudocrater
  • Seamount 
  • Shield volcano
  • Stratovolcano
  • Somma volcano
  • Spatter cone
  • Volcanic crater lake
  • Subglacial mound
  • Submarine volcano
  • Supervolcano 
  • Tuff cone 
  • Tuya 
  • Volcanic vent
  • Volcanic cone 
  • Volcanic crater 
  • Volcanic dam
  • Volcanic field 
  • Volcanic group
  • Volcanic island
  • Volcanic plateau
  • Volcanic plug
  • Volcano

Weathering landforms

Weathering landforms include:

  • Bornhardt
  • Etchplain 
  • Flared slope
  • Flute
  • Honeycomb weathering 
  • Inselberg
  • Karst
  • Nubbin 
  • Panhole
  • Tafoni
  • Tor

Landforms by shape

Positive landforms

  • Bornhardt
  • Cinder cone
  • Cryptodome 
  • Dome
  • Drumlin 
  • Granite dome
  • Hillock
  • Inselberg
  • Lava dome
  • Lava spine 
  • Mesa
  • Mogote
  • Nubbin
  • Tor 

Tower karst

  • Tuya
  • Palsa
  • Pingo
  • Pyroclastic shield 
  • Resurgent dome
  • Seamount
  • Shield volcano 
  • Stratocone
  • Stratovolcano 
  • Volcanic cone
  • Volcanic island 
  • Caldera
  • Cave
  • Cenote
  • Cirque 
  • Crevasse
  • Deflation hollow
  • Doline
  • Gnamma
  • Graben 
  • Honeycomb weathering 
  • Impact crater
  • Kettle 
  • Lagoon
  • Lake
  • Lava lake
  • Maar 
  • Nivation hollow 
  • Oxbow lake 
  • Panhole 
  • Plunge pool 
  • Pond
  • Pull-apart basin 
  • Quarry
  • Rift
  • Sinkhole 
  • Tafoni
  • Thermokarst
  • Volcanic crater
  • Volcanic dam 

Flat landforms

  • Abyssal fan 
  • Abyssal plain
  • Bench
  • Butte 
  • Continental shelf
  • Cryoplanation terrace 
  • Dissected plateau
  • Etchplain 
  • Floodplain 
  • Fluvial terrace 
  • Inselberg plain
  • Lacustrine terrace
  • Lava field, also known as lava plain 
  • Oceanic basin
  • Oceanic plateau 
  • Outwash fan
  • Outwash plain
  • Paleoplain
  • Pediplain 
  • Peneplain 
  • Plain
  • Planation surface 
  • Plateau 
  • Polje 
  • River delta 
  • Salt marsh 
  • Salt pan 
  • Sandur 
  • Strandflat
  • Swamp
  • Table
  • Tidal marsh 
  • Tepui
  • Volcanic plateau
  • Wave-cut platform

Landforms List A to Z

Here is the landforms list star with A to Z.

Landforms That Start With A

  • Abîme
  • Abyssal fan
  • Abyssal plain
  • Ait
  • Alluvial fan
  • Anabranch
  • Arch
  • Archipelago
  • Arête
  • Arroyo
  • Atoll
  • Ayre

Landforms That Start With B

  • Badlands
  • Bar
  • Barchan
  • Barrier bar
  • Barrier island
  • Bay 
  • Baymouth bar
  • Bayou
  • Beach 
  • Beach cusps
  • Beach ridge
  • Bench
  • Bight
  • Blowhole
  • Blowout
  • Bluff
  • Bornhardt
  • Braided channel
  • Butte

Landforms That Start With C

  • Calanque
  • Caldera
  • Canyon
  • Cape
  • Carolina bay
  • Cave
  • Cenote 
  • Channel
  • Cirque
  • Corrie
  • Cliff
  • Coast
  • Col
  • Complex crater
  • Complex volcano
  • Confluence
  • Continental shelf
  • Coral reef 
  • Cove
  • Cove (mountain)
  • Crevasse splay 
  • Crevasse
  • Cryovolcano 
  • Cuesta
  • Cuspate foreland
  • Cut bank

Landforms That Start With D

  • Dale
  • Defile
  • Dell
  • Delta, River
  • Desert pavement
  • Diatreme
  • Dike 
  • Dirt cone 
  • Dissected plateau
  • Doab
  • Doline
  • Dome
  • Drainage basin 
  • Drainage divide
  • Draw
  • Dreikanter
  • Drumlin
  • Dry lake
  • Dune
  • Dune system 

Landforms That Start With E

  • Ejecta blanket
  • Endorheic basin
  • Erg
  • Escarpmen
  • Esker
  • Estuary
  • Exhumed river channel

Landforms That Start With F

  • Faceted spur
  • Fault scarp
  • Firth 
  • Fissure vent
  • Fjard
  • Fjord
  • Flat
  • Flatiron
  • Floodplain
  • Fluvial island
  • Fluvial terrace
  • Foiba

Landforms That Start With G

  • Geo 
  • Geyser
  • Glacial horn
  • Glacier cave 
  • Glacier foreland
  • Glacier
  • Glen
  • Gorge
  • Graben 
  • Gulch
  • Gulf
  • Gully 
  • Guyot

Landforms That Start With H

  • Headland
  • Hill
  • Homoclinal ridge
  • Hoodoo
  • Horst

Landforms That Start With I

  • Impact crater
  • Inlet
  • Interfluve
  • Inverted relief
  • Island
  • Islet
  • Isthmus

Landforms That Start With J

There is no list of landforms that start with the letter J.

But A jökulhlaup is a sudden and massive glacial outburst flood, originating from subglacial or proglacial lakes. Initially associated with Iceland’s Vatnajökull, these events result from breaches in hydrostatically sealed lakes, with peak discharges surpassing those of other glacial floods.

Hubbard Glacier August 14.2002.jpg

Source: From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Landforms That Start With K

  • Kame delta
  • Kame
  • Karst
  • Karst fenster 
  • Karst valley
  • Kettle
  • Kīpuka
  • Knoll

Landforms That Start With L

  • Lacustrine plain 
  • Lagoon
  • Lake
  • Lava dome
  • Lava
  • Lava lake
  • Lava spine
  • Lava tube
  • Lavaka
  • Levee
  • Limestone pavement
  • Loess
  • Lacustrine terraces

Landforms That Start With M

  • Maar
  • Machair
  • Malpaís 
  • Mamelon 
  • Marine terrace
  • Marsh
  • Massif
  • Meander
  • Mesa
  • Mid-ocean ridge
  • Mogote
  • Monadnock 
  • Moraine
  • Moulin
  • Mountain
  • Mountain pass
  • Mountain range
  • Mud volcano
  • Mushroom rock 

Landforms That Start With A To Z

Landforms That Start With N

  • Natural arch
  • Nunatak 

Landforms That Start With O

  • Oasis
  • Oceanic basin
  • Oceanic plateau 
  • Oceanic ridge
  • Oceanic trench
  • Outwash fan 
  • Outwash plain
  • Oxbow lake

Landforms That Start With P

  • Paleoplain
  • Pediment
  • Pediplain
  • Peneplain
  • Peninsula
  • Pingo
  • Pit crater
  • Plain 
  • Plateau
  • Playa lake
  • Plunge pool
  • Point bar
  • Polje
  • Pond
  • Potrero
  • Proglacial lake 
  • Pseudocrater
  • Pull-apart basin

Landforms That Start With Q

  • Quarry 

Landforms That Start With R

  • Raised beach
  • Rapid
  • Ravine
  • Ria
  • Ridge
  • Riffle
  • Rift valley
  • River
  • River delta
  • River island
  • Rôche moutonnée
  • Rogen moraine
  • Rock formations
  • Rock shelter 
  • Rock-cut basin 

Landforms That Start With S

  • Saddle
  • Salt marsh
  • Salt pan
  • Sand boil, also known as sand volcano
  • Sandhill
  • Sandur 
  • Scowle
  • Scree
  • Sea cave
  • Seamount
  • Shield volcano
  • Shoal
  • Shore
  • Shut-in
  • Side valley 
  • Sinkhole
  • Sound 
  • Spit
  • Spring 
  • Stack
  • Strait
  • Strandflat
  • Strath
  • Stratovolcano
  • Stream pool
  • Stream
  • Strike ridge 
  • Structural bench 
  • Structural terrace
  • Subglacial mound
  • Submarine canyon
  • Submarine volcano 
  • Summit 
  • Supervolcano
  • Surge channel
  • Swamp

Landforms That Start With T

  • Tepui 
  • Terrace 
  • Terracette 
  • Tessellated pavement
  • Thalweg 
  • Tidal marsh
  • Tide pool 
  • Tombolo 
  • Tor
  • Tower karst 
  • Towhead
  • Trim line
  • Truncated spur 
  • Tunnel valley
  • Turlough 
  • Tuya 

Landforms That Start With U

  • U-shaped valley
  • Uvala 

Landforms That Start With V

  • Vale 
  • Valley 
  • Valley shoulder
  • Ventifact 
  • Volcanic arc 
  • Volcanic cone 
  • Volcanic crater 
  • Volcanic crater lake
  • Volcanic dam
  • Volcanic field 
  • Volcanic group
  • Volcanic island 
  • Volcanic plateau 
  • Volcanic plug
  • Volcanic vent 
  • Volcano

Landforms That Start With W

  • Wadi 
  • Waterfall
  • Watershed
  • Wave-cut platform 
  • Wetland 

Landforms That Start With X

There is no landforms list that starts with x.

Landforms That Start With Y

  • Yardang 

Landforms That Start With Z

There is no landform that starts with z.

  • Source:- List of Landforms A to Z on Earth collected from Wikipedia. I hope it helps you to know the Landform list.

 Major Landforms Found on Earth

Mountains

Mountains are large landforms that are formed by tectonic activity. They are typically characterized by steep slopes, rocky terrain, and high elevations. Some of the most famous mountain ranges in the world include the Himalayas, the Rocky Mountains, and the Alps.

Hills

Hills are smaller than mountains and typically have a more gentle slope. They are formed by a variety of geological processes and can be found in many different types of landscapes.

Plateaus

Plateaus are flat, elevated areas of land that are surrounded by steep slopes or cliffs. They are typically formed by volcanic activity or the uplift of the Earth’s crust.

Valleys

Valleys are low-lying areas of land that are typically found between two mountains or hills. They are often formed by erosion and can be home to rivers, lakes, and other bodies of water.

Canyons

Canyons are deep, narrow valleys that are typically carved out by rivers or other bodies of water. They are often characterized by steep, rocky walls and can be found in many different types of landscapes.

Deserts

Deserts are dry, arid areas of land that are typically characterized by low rainfall and high temperatures. They are home to a variety of unique plants and animals that have adapted to the harsh environment.

Plains

Plains are large, flat areas of land that are typically found at low elevations. They are often characterized by grasslands and are important agricultural regions around the world.

Coastlines

Coastlines are the areas where land meets the ocean. They are often characterized by sandy beaches, rocky cliffs, and estuaries where rivers meet the sea.

Landforms are an important part of our planet’s geography, and they play a key role in shaping the world we live in. From mountains and hills to valleys and canyons, the variety of landforms found on Earth is truly remarkable. By understanding these landforms, we can gain a greater appreciation for the natural processes that shape our planet and the diverse environments that make up our world.

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